Every region in India has its own style and pattern of art, which is known as folk art. Other than folk art, there is yet another form of traditional art practiced by several tribes or rural population, which is classified as tribal art. India has one of the world’s largest collections of songs, music, dance, theater, folk traditions, performing arts, rites and rituals, paintings and writings that are known, as the ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage’ of humanity. Moreover, the regional dances of India, such as the Bhangra dance of Punjab, the Dandiya of Gujarat, the Bihu dance of Assam, etc, which project the cultural heritage of those regions, are prominent contenders in the field of Indian folk art.These folks dances are played by people to express their exhilaration on every possible event or occasion, such as the arrival of seasons, the birth of a child, weddings, festivals.

Indian knew the art of painting since prehistoric times. Indian paintings are mostly categorized as murals and miniatures. Murals are the painting works that are done on the walls of buildings. Some good examples of mural work in India include temples of Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Ajantha, Kanchepuram, etc.The 1st Hindu temples were made of materials that perished with time such as timber, clay, etc. Later, rock-cut cave temples were made. Grand temples with highly structured were made in afterward centuries, probably in the Gupta era. They were made using bricks and stones. Hindu and Jain cave
temples were made at Ellora, Badami, Elephanta, Aurangabad and some other places.

The present Indian music has grown from ancient times. Almost every tribe or people have lent their own share in this growth. What therefore, we now call a raga might have started as a tribal or folk tune. it is usual to begin the history of Indian music with the melodic patterns of vedic chanting. The oldest music, which possessed a grammar, was the vedic. Cultural traditions from various regions of the country reflect the rich diversity of Regional Music of India.Each region has its own particular style. Tribal and folk music is not taught in the same way that Indian classical music is taught. There are also
many songs associated with planting and harvesting. In these activities the villagers routinely sing of their hopes, fears and aspirations.

Religion is a very dynamic aspect of India. Everything in India has some sort of connection with the festival. Trades, fairs, festivals, dresses, cuisines, social gatherings and the way of life of every Indian reflect a binary of religion. There are all great religions of the world. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism Sikhism are themselves originated in the country. And followers of Islam and Christianity are also in significant numbers.


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