New Education Policy 2020: On Wednesday, well-defined new National Education Policy (NEP) proposing inclusive changes in school and higher education. Have a look at what has changed, and how it will impact the students and the institutions of learning:
What is the purpose of NEP?
- A new NEP usually comes along every few decades. India has had three to date. The first came in 1968 and the second in 1986, under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi respectively; the NEP of 1986 was revised in 1992 when P V Narasimha Rao was Prime Minister. The third is the NEP released Wednesday under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi.
- The NEP 2020 is a welcome move for the nationals. It highlights holistic multidisciplinary education for the future nation’s stakeholders.
- The Union Human Resource Development Minister (HRDM) Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has released the New Education Policy or NEP for School Education with policies for schools and Higher Education for colleges, universities and other higher institutes.
- The Ministry of Human Resource Development will be renamed, as the Ministry of Education.
Salient Features of NEP 2020
- New pedagogical and curricular structure of school education (5+3+3+4): 3 years in Anganwadi/pre-school and 12 years in school.
- For children of 3 to 6 years: Access to free, safe, high-quality ECCE at Anganwadis /Pre-school/ Balvatika.
- Foundational Learning Curriculum for the age group of 3-8 divided into two parts: From age 3-6 in ECCE:
- Before the age of 5 every child will move to a “Preparatory Class” or “Balvatika” (that is, before Class 1)
- From age 6 to 8, Grade 1-2: Foundational Stage
- Age 8-11, Grades 3-5: Preparatory Stage, play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning.
- Age 11-14, Grade 6-8: Middle Stage, experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.
- Age 14-18, Grade 9-12: Secondary Stage, multidisciplinary study, substantial critical thinking, flexibility, and student choice of subjects.
- The medium of instruction up to grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be home language/ mother-tongue/ local language.
- Beginning with Mathematics; all subjects to be offered in 2 levels.
- School students will have 10-bagless days during which they will get a vocation of their choice (informal internship).
Board Exams and School Exams
- School Exams will be held only for 3-levels – Classes 3, 5 and 8. Assessment will shift to a formative style which encourages higher-order thinking skills, critical thinking and conceptual clarity.
- Board Exams to be continue but for holistic design of the education system. A new National Assessment Centre PAREKH (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development), will be established. Board exams will have less-stakes.
- All students will be allowed to take Board Exams on up to two occasions during any given school year, one main examination and one for improvement, if desired.
Higher Education and College Entrance Exams
- National Testing Agency will conduct a common college entrance exam twice a year. This will be implemented from the 2022 session.
- Bachelor’s degree will be of 4 years with exit options as follows.
- Exit after 1 year: Certificate
- Exit after 2 years: Diploma
- Mid-term dropouts will be given the option to complete the degree after a break.
- Bachelor’s programmes will be multidisciplinary in nature, and there will be no rigid separation between arts and sciences.
- Indian arts, languages and culture will be promoted at all levels.
- M.Phil degree will be discontinued.
- By 2040, all higher education institutions like IITs will become multidisciplinary. There will be a greater inclusion of arts and humanities subjects for science students and vice-versa.
- Selected universities from among the top 100 universities in the world will be facilitated to operate in India.
- The system of affiliated colleges will be phased out in 15 years, and colleges will be given greater autonomy and power to grant degrees. The deemed university status will end.
How will these reforms work?
The government plans to set up subject-wise committees with members from relevant ministries at both the central and state levels to develop implementation plans for each aspect of the NEP. The complete plans will list out actions to be taken by multiple bodies, including the HRD Ministry, state Education Departments, school Boards, NCERT, Central Advisory Board of Education and National Testing Agency, among others. A yearly joint review of progress against targets set will take follow-up of the planning.
Note: You can read complete details from the link: https://www.mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/NEP_Final_English_0.pdf
Credits: Internet, NOTICEBARD official website, The Indian Express